Common Cold Signs and Symptoms


Knowing about the common cold is important in order to be able to identify the symptoms and seek treatment.

Signs of a common cold

The common cold is a seasonal illness that affects more than 200 million people in the US each year. Symptoms of a common cold can include a runny nose, sore throat, cough, and sneezing. The most common symptom is a cough, which is likely due to the combined effects of the virus and the mucus it produces. Other symptoms may include sore body muscles, fever, fatigue, and headache. Prevention of the common cold is through good hygiene practices such as wearing a mask when you’re sick and washing your hands frequently. If you do get sick with the common cold, drink plenty of fluids and use over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen to help relieve symptoms.

Common Cold Symptoms

When you have a cold, your nasal passages fill with mucus, which can drip down your throat and cause coughing and sore throat. Other common cold symptoms include sneezing, a headache, a fever, and a runny nose. Though each person experiences cold symptoms differently, most people experience at least one of the following: a sore throat, a cough, temporary difficulty breathing, or fever.

Colds and the Flu

The most common symptom of a cold is a runny nose. Other symptoms may include a cough, body aches, tiredness, and fever. The flu is a more serious illness caused by the influenza virus. It is usually more severe, with more symptoms and longer duration.


The symptoms of the common cold can be mild or severe, and can vary from person to person. Some of the more common symptoms include: a sore throat, a cough, sneezing, watery eyes, and runny nose. Some people also experience a headache, body aches, or a fever. Generally, the severity of the cold will depend on how many different symptoms someone experiences. In most cases, the cold will last for about two to four weeks. However, there are treatments available that can shorten or cure the condition.

The most common type of antibiotic used to treat the common cold is called amoxicillin. Amoxicillin is a penicillin-type antibiotic, which is a type of antibiotic that attacks bacteria cells. Amoxicillin is available in over-the-counter (OTC) forms, such as tablets and capsules, or as an oral suspension (a solution that is drunk). Amoxicillin is generally effective in treating the common cold but should not be used if you are allergic to penicillin or if you have a history of liver problems.

Another type of antibiotic that can be used to treat the common cold is azithromycin. Azithromycin is

Natural Remedies

Natural remedies for the common cold are abundant, and there is no one-size-fits-all approach. However, there are some general tips that can help tackle your symptoms: try to get plenty of fluids and rest; gargle with warm water and salt; eat bland, high-fiber foods; and avoid contact with people who are sick.


If you or someone you know is experiencing any of the following signs and symptoms, it is advised to see a doctor: fever over 39 °C (103 °F), headache, body aches and/or sore throat, hoarseness, difficulty breathing. Sadly, the common cold is one of the most common winter illnesses and can be very debilitating. Patients are often reluctant to seek treatment since they believe that antibiotics will only make things worse. Unfortunately, this belief is unfortunately false — antibiotics can actually exacerbate the symptoms of a cold because they destroy good bacteria while leaving bad bacteria unchecked. If you suspect that you or someone you love has contracted a cold, do not hesitate to seek help!


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