Hemoglobinopathy Newborn Screening – Full Body Health Checkup

0
3
Full Body Health Checkup

As per an estimated data, one in two thousand babies in the USA has to go through hemoglobinopathy. As far as India is concerned, hemoglobinopathies affect 2-6 percent of children. The percentage depends on communities and geographical areas in India. Before having a prescription for a full body health checkup from a child specialist for screening your newborn, you should know about this haemoglobin disorder. 

What are hemoglobinopathies?

Also known as haemoglobin disorders, hemoglobinopathies are genetic health conditions. In this, there is a huge impact on the shape or number of red blood cells in a human body. The conditions may vary from one person to another and some of them can bring life-threatening to the affected people. On the other hand, the people with mild hemoglobinopathies don’t show any signs & medical problems and don’t need to get any treatments. In severe conditions, people or children with hemoglobinopathies can have a lack of red blood cells. Further, they can have organ damage or to face death. 

Symptoms of hemoglobinopathies

The severity of hemoglobinopathies differs from one child to another. Some children have visible signs while others don’t. The symptoms of severe one start becoming visible just after the birth of a baby. Here are some of early signs that your newborn might have:

  • Breath shortness
  • Cold feet or hands
  • Pain or swelling in the feet or hands 
  • Pale skin  
  • Sleeping longer or more often
  • Tiredness

Why should you let your baby go for hemoglobinopathy newborn screening?

The screening is a must for your newborn if you notice any visible signs. It will help you know whether your newborn has a haemoglobin disorder or not. After getting the test result, a paediatrician will state the severity level in your newborn and advise you the most effective treatment. 

The right time for hemoglobinopathy newborn screening 

Letting your baby go for this test is crucial for you. Also, you should go for a hemoglobinopathy test if your first child has and you are planning for a second child. Your doctor will ask you for this screening when the results of blood smear or CBC state you have an abnormal haemoglobin form. The abnormal form can lead you or your newborn to have anaemia. Here are some signs or conditions that are a warning  

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Energy loss 
  • Jaundice
  • Pale skin

You must take your newborn for hemoglobinopathy screening when you notice severe symptoms such as development issues, severe pain episodes, enlarged spleen, and breath shortness. 

What causes a newborn to have hemoglobinopathies?

Each cell in a human body requires oxygen. And it is our blood that makes oxygen reach everywhere in our body. The red cells in our blood do this job by moving in the entire body. Your newborn with hemoglobinopathies don’t have enough production of red blood cells. And the shape of these cells are not ideal or not in the right condition. And due to poor shape, they don’t last for a longer period. As a result, your newborn will have anaemia.      

The bad shaped red blood cells don’t move freely and get stuck in the blood vessels. And this creates a shortage of blood in the body parts of your newborn. A higher severity level of it can cause death to your baby. This blood health condition is genetic. It means your newborn baby might have hemoglobinopathies if you or your foreparents have or had.  

What treatment options are available there?

After having the results of hemoglobinopathy newborn screening, a paediatrician will suggest a few suitable treatments. The treatments could be

  • Fluid supply – A baby with such a haemoglobin disorder has a dehydration problem. In such a case, your doctor will ask you to let your baby drink enough fluids. The presence of enough fluids in his/her body makes him/her feel better and stay away from severe pain.     
  • Medication – Based on the severity level, the paediatrician will prescribe suitable and effective medicines. 
  • Blood transfusion – In case of the shortage of red blood cells, the doctor will prescribe a blood transfusion for your newborn baby. In this process, you need blood from a healthy person. 

Conclusion  

Hemoglobinopathy newborn screening is a must for a baby. It helps your doctor to state the severity level of hemoglobinopathies in your newborn baby and suggest the best possible treatment. Effective treatment will let your baby live a healthy life by staying away from life-threatening complications.  

Each cell in a human body requires oxygen. And it is our blood that makes oxygen reach everywhere in our body. The red cells in our blood do this job by moving in the entire body. Your newborn with hemoglobinopathies don’t have enough production of red blood cells. And the shape of these cells are not ideal or not in the right condition. And due to poor shape, they don’t last for a longer period. As a result, your newborn will have anaemia.      

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here