Ovarian Cyst Symptoms, Causes And Risk Factors


This article explains the symptoms, causes, and risk factors for ovarian cysts. Breakdown who is at risk for ovarian cysts and a quick tally of the number of symptoms that can be caused by it.

Ovarian Cyst Symptoms

There are many ways to experience ovarian cysts. Symptoms can include pelvic pressure or pain, anxiety, and difficulty urinating. Some risk factors include age over 45, having two or more children, and previous surgeries on the abdomen or pelvis. Treatment options include surgery, medication, and supplements.

Ovarian Cyst Causes

There are many possible causes of ovarian cysts, but most commonly they occur as the result of a reproductive organ or tissue, such as the uterine lining, becoming twisted or abnormal. Other causes include:

– Inherited traits (such as a family history of ovarian cysts)
– Physical trauma, such as childbirth or a pelvic infection
– Side effects of certain medications or treatments
– Problems with the ovaries themselves, such as cancer or polyps

Most ovarian cysts don’t cause any symptoms and often go undetected for years. But if the cyst grows large enough, it can press on other organs in the body and cause pain, bloating, and difficulty urinating. If left untreated, an ovarian cyst can also lead to infertility.

If you experience any odd symptoms that you think might be related to your ovarian cyst, please consult your doctor. Cysts are usually benign and can be treated with simple measures like rest and medications, but if they’re causing significant problems or complications, surgery may be required.

Risk Factors for Ovarian Cysts

According to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, ovarian cysts are benign tumors that can occur in any stage of development, but are most frequently seen in young women between the ages of 18 and 34. While there is no single cause for ovarian cysts, risk factors for their development include personal histories of obesity, raised levels of estrogen, and mutations in the gene that produces estrogen hormones.

Fortunately, ovarian cysts are easily treated with surgery or medication. If you’re concerned about your symptoms or want to prevent them from happening in the future, you should talk to your doctor about your risk factors.

What to Do if You Suspect or Have an Ovarian Cyst?

If you are pregnant, have recently given birth, or are trying to conceive, you should get your doctor’s advice before examining or treating a cyst. If you are not pregnant, there is no need for special treatment.

An ovarian cyst (also called an ovarian neoplasm) is a mass or accumulation of fluid in the ovary. Symptoms may include pelvic pain, bloating, and difficulty with urination. The cyst may be small (less than 1 cm in diameter) or large (more than 3 cm in diameter). Ovarian cysts can occur at any age but most commonly develop during middle age or early adulthood.

There is no sure way to diagnose an ovarian cyst, but your doctor will likely ask about your symptoms and review your medical history. If the cyst is large enough (or if you have other signs indicating cancer), your doctor may perform an ultrasound or CT scan to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment typically depends on the size and location of the cyst: Smaller cysts may be treated with medication or surgery, while larger ones require extensive surgery.


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