What is Pneumonia?  

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Pneumonia is one of the most common and dangerous diseases. Learn some basics about pneumonia, including what it looks like, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

About pneumonia?

Pneumonia is a serious respiratory illness caused by a virus. It can be difficult to tell if you have the illness, as it can cause similar symptoms to other illnesses such as the common cold. Here are some signs and symptoms to watch for: chest infection, fever above 101 degrees F (38 degrees C), coughing up white or green phlegm, difficulty breathing. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.

Causes of pneumonia

Pneumonia is a respiratory illness caused by an infection in the lungs. The most common cause of pneumonia is the common cold, but other causes include aspiration (inhaling food or liquid into the lungs), bronchitis, and burns.
Infections that can cause pneumonia include viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Viruses are the most common cause of pneumonia in children and adults, while bacteria are the most common cause of pneumonia in infants. Although pneumonias can be caused by many different infections, some of the most common causes are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), and Moraxella catarrhalis.
Children who suffer from pneumonias are more likely to develop serious complications such as meningitis and encephalitis. Symptoms of pneumonias may include fever, coughing, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, headache, nausea and vomiting, cyanosis (a bluish coloration of the skin due to lack of oxygen), and chest pain. prompt medical attention is essential for anyone with symptoms suggestive of pneumonia. Treatment involves antibiotics to fight the infection and often allows patients to return to their normal activities relatively quickly.</div>

Symptoms and Signs of Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a respiratory infection caused by viruses. The most common causes of pneumonia are the common cold and the flu, but pneumonia can also be caused by other viruses, such as HIV or tuberculosis. Symptoms of pneumonia vary, but usually include an infection in the lungs, chest pain, shortness of breath, and coughing. In rare cases, pneumonia can lead to serious health complications, such as heart disease or even death.

If you are experiencing any of the following signs and symptoms, see your doctor: difficulty breathing or coughing up mucus for more than two weeks; swollen lymph nodes in the neck; fever higher than 39 degrees Celsius (102 degrees Fahrenheit); fast breathing; rapid shallow breathing; sweating a great deal; severe headache; nausea and vomiting; diarrhea.

Treatment options for pneumonia and treatment guidelines

There are many treatment options for pneumonia, depending on the severity of the case. Some patients may only need to take antibiotics to treat the infection, while others may require respiratory therapy or hospitalization. Treatment guidelines recommend that patients with mild to moderate pneumonia be treated with antibiotics and then monitored for symptoms for at least two weeks. Patients with more severe forms of pneumonia may require respiratory therapy, hospitalization, and sometimes intravenous antibiotics.

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