Blood-forming cells, first immature, gradually grow into different types like red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets. These blood-forming cells exist within the soft tissues present inside the bones, generally referred to as the bone marrow. When these under-developed cells develop completely,, they leave these tissues (bone marrow) and become a part of the bloodstream.
Bone marrow consists of stem cells, also known as immune cells, that help produce red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. When the stem cells get damaged or impaired, the production of new is interrupted.
Therefore, a bone marrow transplant is done to regain the ability to produce new blood cells. In bone marrow transplants, healthy blood-forming cells are replaced with healthy blood-forming cells.
About Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT)
Before undergoing the bone marrow transplant, you might get chemotherapy or, in some cases, radiation for destroying the diseased cells and then healthy cells are transferred in your body.
A bone marrow transplant is not surgery. Instead, the new stem cells are introduced into the bloodstream via an intravenous catheter or a tube. It’s the same as receiving blood or medicine via IV. However, it might take several months or years to recover from a bone marrow transplant.
What Is The Source Of Healthy Stem Cells?
Health stem cells that are transplanted come from:
1. Cord Blood
This is the blood that is collected from the umbilical cord and the placenta after the birth of a baby.
- Peripheral Blood Stem Cells
Stem cells from the blood that circulates in the body
- Bone Marrow
The Spongy tissue present inside the bones
What Are The Types Of Bone Marrow Transplant?
There are two types of bone marrow transplant:
1. Autologous Transplant
In this type of transplant, stem cells from your own body are taken into use.
- Allogeneic Transplant
In this type of transplant, the stem cells are donated by someone else. The cells come from:
- A family member who is the closest match
- A cord blood unit or an adult donor who is not related to the patient
What Are The Diseases That Bone Marrow Transplant Treats?
A bone marrow transplant can treat more than seventy diseases, and some of the primary diseases are:
- Diseases of the bone marrow such as Aplastic Anemia
- Blood cancers such as leukaemia or the lymphoma
- Conditions associated with the immune system or genetic disorders such as sickle cell disease
What Is The Cost Of Bone Marrow Transplant In India?
The average cost of a bone marrow transplant In India ranges from INR 15,00,000 to INR 40,00,000. However, the price alters with the hospital and the city you will be having your treatment in and the type of treatment you opt for.
Best Bone Marrow Transplant Hospital In India
India has multiple numbers of bone marrow transplant hospitals in India that may be public or private hospitals. These hospitals are wholly equipped with staff and technologies that are required to handle the condition.
However, Max Hospital is considered to be the best bone marrow transplant hospital in India. The hospital comprises high-quality medical facilities, technology and expert doctors. In addition, the hospital consists of all the cutting-edge technologies required to treat the condition without any complexity.
The team at this hospital comprises highly trained professionals. India is known globally to give budget-friendly quality treatments. The country is a global centre for treatments because of the best bone marrow transplant hospital in India.
Max Hospital, India, has some of the finest bone marrow specialists and advanced infrastructure.
What Is The Success Rate Of Bone Marrow Transplant?
The success rate of the bone marrow transplant depends on the closeness of the genetic match of the donor and the recipients. Therefore, there is a higher success rate if the donor is a sibling or genetically related to the patient. Conversely, the success rate tends to decrease if the donor is not related to the recipient.
Finding the right match for your bone marrow can take some time. Therefore, you must be patient throughout the process.
Every treatment comes with some risks and complications, and so is the case for a bone marrow transplant. However, the chances of these complications arising decrease with the quality of treatment you will receive in a better hospital. Therefore, you must do a lot of analysis on selecting the hospital, especially for such treatments that can affect your future lifestyle or when the rest of your life is dependent on it. It is recommended that you speak to your treating team and know about the complete medical procedure in detail before undergoing the transplant.